Category Archives: News

AQUEDUCTS, CANALS, QANATS workshop on June 23rd-24th in Nijmegen

AQUEDUCTS, CANALS, QANATS: 

CONSTRUCTION AND MANAGEMENT OF WATER CONDUITS

IN THE LATE ANTIQUE AND MEDIEVAL MEDITERRANEAN AND MIDDLE EAST

This workshop will explore topics connected to the hydraulic infrastructure and its management that allowed water to be transported to, and distributed within, cities in the medieval world (c. 600–1500 CE). Many medieval cities depended on the transportation of water across long distances, requiring the construction of significant infrastructure—or, in some cases, the maintenance and extension of pre-existing structures from earlier periods—to supply urban populations. Conduits of various varieties—such as canals, qanats and aqueducts—were huge investments in terms of labour and financial resources and their construction, through sometimes difficult and unforgiving landscapes, often presented considerable engineering challenges that had to be overcome. Once built, these structures required frequent maintenance to remain effective and the distribution of water had to be actively managed to ensure an equitable supply of water regularly reached urban users. Rulers often took a personal interest in the construction, extension or repair of these conduit systems while local authorities and other institutions played key roles in their management and regulation. The material evidence for many of these conduits is well preserved and its analysis often illuminates how, when and why these structures were built as well as episodes of maintenance, repair and abandonment. Textual evidence, on the other hand, provides an equally valuable strand of evidence which often contains more ephemeral details relating to their management, the social obligations that related to their upkeep and the users that depended on the water they conveyed.

In this workshop, we aim to gain an insight into these processes—construction and upkeep, management, (dis)repair, etc.—as well as the relationships between the many people and groups involved in these processes and/or who made use of the water transported and distributed via these conduits. Therefore, contributions explore various aspects of conduit systems that brought water to, and distributed water within, medieval cities—e.g. their construction, repair, management, materiality, symbolism or abandonment. Our focus is the medieval Middle East but contributions also consider evidence from neighbouring cultural and geographic zones (including, but not limited to, the Byzantine Empire, Al-Andalus and Central Asia) as well as earlier periods (such as the Roman and Sasanian empires).

The preliminary programme can be download here.

We would be delighted if colleagues could join us in person, but there will also be a live zoom link to follow discussions online.

To register please send an email to edmund.hayes@ru.nl, indicating IN-PERSON or ONLINE attendance, specifying which days you will attend.

The zoom link will be send to registered participants on the eve of the conference.

Samarra workshop Durham/online 27th June

Department of Archaeology, Durham University

Landscapes of Complex Society Research Group/ Durham Centre for Cultural Heritage Protection

The Abbasid capital at Samarra: the current situation and its research potential

Monday 27th June 13:00-16:00 (BST)

Samarra, located 100 km north of Baghdad, was the Abbasid capital between its foundation in 836 AD/CE until about 892 AD/CE. At 5,800 hectares extending 40km along the Tigris, and with the plans of around 6,400 separate buildings recorded, it is one the largest archaeological sites in the world and without doubt the most important evidence available for the nature of Abbasid urban layout. The site also holds the answers to many important questions about the nature of Abbasid society and power. Yet the extensive remains are steadily being destroyed through development and agriculture.

Following the publication of the Historical Topography of Samarra (Northedge 2005) and the Archaeological Atlas of Samarra (Northedge and Kennet 2015) this workshop is intended to take a look at the current condition of the site and to discuss plans for future research.

13:00 Derek Kennet Introduction; An Outline of Samarra and its development

13:30 Alastair Northedge The Samarra Archaeological Survey, potential, evolving technology, and achievements in context

14:00 William Deadman The Samarra Atlas GIS archive: assessing damage and threats to the site using remote sensing

14:25 Tea/coffee

14:50 Peter Brown Water supply and water-use at Samarra: exploring the evidence and potential for future research

15:10 Tim Power Samarra – Horizons, Near and Far

15:30 Discussion

16:00 Close

The workshop will be held in person in room D210 in the Dawson Building, Durham University and also online at the following Zoom link:

Click on this Zoom link to register:

https://durhamuniversity.zoom.us/j/98001434828?pwd=ZHNaQzJJbGs2WGlvRUtNK043QnJKdz09

Attendance in both formats is free and all are welcome to come along to listen and to contribute to the discussion.

New publication: Archaeology, Politics and Islamicate Cultural Heritage in Europe

Archaeology, Politics and Islamicate Cultural Heritage in Europe

Edited by David J. Govantes-Edwards

Archaeology, Politics and Islamicate Cultural Heritage in Europe responds to the wishes of specialists in the history and archaeology of Islamicate societies in Europe to explore the integration of these societies into historical narratives. In order to deal with the multiple implications and wide ramifications of the subject matter, the book offers a collection of papers that cover a broad range of topics, including historiography, gender and family studies, material culture, historical and contemporary identities, historical heritage management, and archaeological theory, while paying attention to the peculiarities of the record in European regions in which Islamicate societies have played a major historical role (and others in which this role may not be quite so obvious, such as Scandinavia). These wide-ranging subjects find their commonality in the book’s aim of challenging the dominant simplifying narratives and their stress on interruption and exception.

The impact of historical narratives in national and social identities is reflected in a wide range of issues, including school curricula, heritage management, the organisation of academic departments, the presentation of Islamicate history and archaeology in the media and the politics of identity of majority and minority groups. The volume does not avoid these questions, but tackles them head-on, challenging the unwillingness of some academics to engage in potentially disruptive political issues.

Table of content

More information: https://www.equinoxpub.com/home/archaeology-politics/

Online lecture: “The Missing Bishopric? The Archaeology of Christianity in Samahij, Bahrain”, 28/04/2022

We cordially invite you to an online lecture Professor Timothy Insoll Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter, UK on DEUTSCHES ARCHÄOLOGISCHES INSTITUT “The Missing Bishopric? The Archaeology of Christianity in Samahij, Bahrain” Thursday, April 28th, 2022 4.00 p.m. CET Abstract: The episcopal seat of Meshmahig or Mašmahig is referred to in various historical sources, such as the synods of the Church of the East, of 410 and 576. These sources have been extensively explored, and it has been suggested that Mašmahig can be linked with the village of Samahij in northeast Muharraq Island, Bahrain. However, archaeological evidence for a Christian presence in Samahij, or elsewhere in Bahrain was lacking. Excavations completed within the village cemetery at Samahij uncovered part of a large building complex. Based on the architecture, associated material culture, and chronology, it is suggested this was occupied by a Christian community, and is perhaps the episcopal palace itself. This was abandoned after Islamisation, seemingly in the eighth century. The results of two seasons of excavations will be described, and the implications for Christianity, Islamisation, and settlement in Bahrain considered. The online event is free of charge and takes place with the software “Zoom”. Please click the following link to join the event: https://dainst-org.zoom.us/j/92312981591… Meeting-ID: 923 1298 1591 Passcode: 666010

Call for papers: IOW-arch 2 19th-20th December 2022

Indian Ocean World Archaeology Conference
19th-20th December 2022,
University of Exeter
Organiser: Professor Timothy Insoll

Conference Website: www.iow-arch.com

Email: info@iow-arch.com

Following on from the very successful inaugural IOW-Arch conference held on 10th-11th January 2020, the second IOW-Arch is planned for Monday 19th and Tuesday 20th December 2022. This is being held at the Institute of Arab and Islamic studies (IAIS), University of Exeter, who are generously providing financial support.

Papers are welcome on all aspects of the archaeology, material culture and heritage of the Indian Ocean (defined as from East Africa to Japan, including Australasia) from the first millennium BC to the contemporary era, and may include reports on research in progress. Presentations should be in English (unless you are in the special session organised by Derek Kennet and Ran Zhang, which will be in Mandarin) and must not exceed 15 minutes, with a further 5 minutes allowed for questions.

The IOW-Arch 2022 conference will be a hybrid event with both in-person and Zoom options. The conference will begin on Monday 19th, with an introduction and presentations, followed by a reception. The conference will resume on Tuesday 20th with presentations followed by closing remarks and discussion. There will then be a conference dinner (at participants own expense).

Registration
Both speakers and non-speaking audience members are welcome to register. Registration costs £30 (£15 for students) for those attending the conference in person at the IAIS in Exeter and includes conference programme, refreshments and drinks reception on the 19th, and refreshments and lunch on the 20th. For those attending online, please select the appropriate ticket through the online store. We have not set the online tickets at a fixed price, to ensure that the conference is affordable for scholars of the Indian Ocean World regardless of their geographical location. Instead, we request that you make a contribution through the appropriate page on the University Store. Suggested amounts are £15 for staff, and £5 – £10 for students and independent scholars, to contribute to the running costs of the event.

Please register here: Indian Ocean World Archaeology Conference 19th-20th December 2022 | Exeter University
For more information, including registration and abstract submission details, please see the conference website: www.iow-arch.com. To present, a title and 200-word abstract is required by Monday 16th May 2022, see Abstract Submission |IOW-Arch.

New publication: H. Kirchner, F. Sabaté (eds.), Agricultural Landscapes of Al-Andalus, and the Aftermath of the Feudal Conquest

Agricultural Landscapes of Al-Andalus, and the Aftermath of the Feudal Conquest

H. Kirchner, F. Sabaté (eds.)

277 p., 22 b/w ill. + 40 maps (36 b&w, 4 colour), 8 b/w tables, 1 b/w line art, 156 x 234 mm, 2021
ISBN: 978-2-503-59397-5
Languages: English

The publication is available.
Retail price: EUR 80,00 excl. tax

Brings together significant, recent research on agricultural systems in al-Andalus, undertaken from an archaeological perspective, with particular reference to irrigated and drained areas, dry agriculture field systems, and pasturelands.

This volume presents recent archaeological research on the agriculture and society of al-Andalus during the Middle Ages, especially from the perspective of ‘hydraulic archaeology’ — an avenue of research developed by Spanish researchers which focuses on the analysis of irrigation systems created by Islamic colonists from the eighth century onwards. More recently, this research perspective has incorporated the analysis of other agricultural systems, such as dryland agriculture and pasturelands. All of these agricultural regimes are complementary in peasant-led subsistence agricultural systems. From a methodological perspective, this archaeological approach is highly innovative, and uses a wide range of techniques (aerial photography, cartographical analysis, field survey, archival research, and archaeological excavation) in order to outline the size and boundaries of cultivation and grazing areas, to define specific plots of land and the related road networks, and to identify other associated facilities, such as watermills.

In connection with these topics, several issues are discussed: the earmarking of rural or urban farming areas for irrigation, draining, or dryland agriculture; the process of construction and the subsequent evolution of these farming areas; the transformations undergone by these areas after the feudal conquest; and, finally, the identification of pasturelands and the analysis of the evidence concerning their management.

Helena Kirchneris Professor of Medieval History and Archaeology and a member of the research group Agrarian Archaeology of the Middle Ages (2017SGR1073) at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.

Flocel Sabbate Curul is a Professor of Medieval History at the University of Lleida.

Table of Contents

Introduction. Research on Irrigation, Drainage, Dry Agriculture and Pastures in Al-Andalus — HELENA KIRCHNERPeasant Irrigation Systems

Agrarian Spaces and the Network of Andalusi Settlements of Manacor (Mallorca) — EUGÈNIA SITJES

Watermills in Ibiza (Balearic Islands): A Documentary and Archaeological Case Study in Santa Eulàlia des Riu — ANTONI FERRER, HELENA KIRCHNER

Morphology of Irrigated Spaces in Late Medieval Mudejar Settlements: The Canal of Lorca (Riba-roja de Turia, Valencia) — ENRIC GUINOTUrban Irrigated Areas

Searching for the Origin: A New Interpretation for the Horta of Valencia in Times of Al-Andalus — FERRAN ESQUILACHE

Drainage and Irrigation Systems in MadīnaṬurṭūša(Tortosa, Spain) (8th-12th Centuries) — HELENA KIRCHNER, ARNALD PUY, ANTONI VIRGILIDry Farming and Pasturelands

On Dry Farming in al-Andalus — FÈLIX RETAMERO

On the Problem of Andalusi Dry Farming: Aialt (Castell de Castells), a Qarya with no Irrigation System in the Mountains of Valencia — JOSEP TORRÓ

Deciphering Islamic Landscape in the Eastern Ebro Valley: Almunias and Livestock — JESÚS BRUFAL

Irrigated Pasturelands in Mountain Ranges in the South-East Of the Iberian Peninsula — ANTONIO MALPICA, SONIA VILLAR, GUILLERMO GARCÍA-CONTRERAS

International Workshop – “Medieval Archaeology in Ethiopia”, 09/03/2022

Wednesday 9, March 2022, 9:00-17:30, MMSH, salle Georges Duby, Aix-en-Provence. The one-day workshop is organized by the ERC HornEast and aims to present the recent research of different teams working in Ethiopia. Organizers: Amélie Chekroun, Simon Dorso & Julien Loiseau

Morning Programm
9:00 – Welcoming coffee
9:15-9:30: Pr. Julien Loiseau, Dr. Simon Dorso
Introduction to the workshop
9:30 – 10:00:
Pr. Timothy Insoll (Al-Qasimi Chair in African and Islamic Archaeology, Centre for Islamic Archaeology, Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies,
University of Exeter)
Archaeological Perspectives on Contacts between Cairo and Eastern Ethiopia in the 12th to 15th Centuries

10:20 : Coffee Break

10:30-11:00
Hannah Parsons-Morgan (al-Qasimi Doctoral Researcher, Centre for Islamic Archaeology, University of Exeter, ERC Becoming Muslim)
Chinese Ceramic Consumption in the Horn of Africa: Materialities and Modification at Mediaeval Harlaa, Eastern Ethiopia
11:20-11:50
Dr. Nicholas Tait (Centre for Islamic Archaeology, Institute for Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter) The Development of Local Ceramics from Harlaa, Eastern Ethiopia, in a Regional Perspective


12:10-12:30 : Discussion


12:30- 13:30 : Lunch

Afternoon Programm
13:30-14:00
Dr. Hiluf Behre (Mekelle University, Collège de France)
The palace at Gud Bahri: its Functions from Residence, Metal Workshop
to a Place of Worship
14:20-14:50 :
Dr. Simon Dorso (ERC HornEast, IREMAM, Aix-Marseille University)
The Muslim Cemeteries of South-Eastern Tigray (Ethiopia): Islamic Burials and Funerary
Practices at the Hearth of the Christian Kingdom

15:10 : Coffee Break

15:30-16:00 :
Dr. Anna Lagaron (ERC HornEast, IREMAM, Aix-Marseille University) & Pr. Julien Loiseau (ERC HornEast, Aix-Marseille University, IREMAM)
The Muslim Funerary Stelae from Bilet and Arra’s Cemeteries (South-Eastern Tigray, Ethiopia): Epigraphy, Materiality and Significance for the History of Early Islam in Ethiopia

16:20-16:50 :
Dr Helina S. Woldekiros (Washington University in St. Louis)
Foodways on Medieval Trade Networks: Provisioning the Afar Salt Caravan route, Northern Ethiopia (1000 CE-1600 CE)


17:10-17:30 : Open discussion and perspectives

Source : https://www.iremam.cnrs.fr/fr/international-workshop-medieval-archaeology-ethiopia

CALL FOR PAPERS: The Mosque in Transformation, 17th Colloquium of the Ernst Herzfeld-Gesellschaft

The Mosque in Transformation, 17th Colloquium of the Ernst Herzfeld-Gesellschaft https://ernst-herzfeld-gesellschaft.com

Córdoba (Spain), Casa ÁrabeJune 30 – July 2, 2022

The mosque, in its diverse architectural and visual expressions and as an institution, is considered one of the most significant manifestations of Islamic cultures. While the basic liturgical concept as a place of prayer is universal, a mosque can acquire further functions, and its form has proven extraordinarily malleable across and within regions and times. Scholarship has dealt with this diversity in studies on formal and conceptual evolution, typologies, and regional or local traditions.

Over recent decades many questions became more complicated or persist unanswered. The formal and conceptual sources of the earliest materially extant mosques remain a matter of debate and speculation. Transformations in the visuality, the layout, the elements, and the fittings of the mosque and its place in urban planning have been described from an architectural, archaeological, and historical angle and may require more explanation from a liturgical, religious, social, or ideological perspective. The re-use of mosques in a changing environment (such as in the Iberian Peninsula) has been documented, while its implications for artistic and cultural heritage call for discussion.

The 17th Colloquium of the Ernst Herzfeld Society invites recent research on the mosque in transformation, as an architecture and a visual and functional space in continuous evolution, transcending notions of the mosque as a fixed entity. The organizers invite papers that deal with transformations in the visuality, materiality, and concept of the mosque as seen in architecture and decoration, in furnishings and liturgical elements, in specific functions at specific times, in their changes including usage by other religious communities, and with reference to social, ideological, and historical currents.

Schedule – The Colloquium takes place at Córdoba (Spain), in the Casa Árabe and is organized by Fernando Valdés Fernández of the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid in collaboration with institutions in Córdoba. It will start with a keynote lecture on the evening of Thursday, June 30, 2022. The Colloquium continues with the main sessions on Friday and Saturday, July 1–2.

A meeting of graduate students will take place on Thursday, June 30, for which a separate call is to be circulated. The annual general assembly of the Ernst Herzfeld Society will be held on Friday or Saturday afternoon. For July 3 visits to places in and near Córdoba are foreseen.

The Colloquium is planned as a meeting in presence and on-site while the organizers will also prepare for a hybrid format if the necessity of online participation arises. A detailed schedule and information on the format will follow in due course.

Application – Please submit your proposal for a paper or a panel by March 13, 2022 to Prof. Dr. Fernando Valdés Fernández: fernando.valdes@uam.es- Individual papers: Please submit a title and an abstract of 250 and no more than 300 words.- Pre-arranged panels: will preferably include three presentations Please submit a title and an abstract of no more than 500 words presenting the topic and aim of the panel, and a provisional list of speakers with abstracts.- The preferred colloquium language is English. Each presentation is limited to 20 minutes, followed by 10 minutes of discussion (or 30 minutes of discussion per panel).

All proposals will undergo a peer review selection process. Acceptance will be notified in the beginning of April 2022.

If you want to submit a paper proposal for the graduate meeting (separate call), please send your title and abstract to Suzanne Compagnon: suzanne.compagnon@univie.ac.at

Registration for and participation in the Colloquium are free for members of the Society. Other speakers and participants are asked to join the Society by paying the annual membership fee. Please see: https://ernst-herzfeld-gesellschaft.com/…/beitrittsfor…/

We kindly request that speakers and participants make their own travel and accommodation arrangements. A list of hotels located in the vicinity of the Colloquium venue will be made available in due course.

Webinaire: Regards sur les arts du monde iranien / Insights into the Art of the Persianate Societies (22/02/2022)

Regards sur les arts du monde iranien / Insights into the Art of the Persianate Societies coorganisé par l’Institut Français de Recherche en Iran (IFRI) et le CeRMI, aura lieu le mardi 22 février 2022, de 15h à 17h (heure de Paris) / 17h30-19h30 (heure de Téhéran).

Cette deuxième séance s’articulera autour du thème « Regards sur la céramique,

1 / Insights into ceramic arts, 1 », avec les interventions suivantes :

• New data about the «Poteries de Bamiyan» (Afghanistan) Guergana Guionova (CNRS, Aix Marseille Univ, LA3M, Aix-en-Provence), Thomas Lorain (MAFAB/University of Bamberg)

• Architectural decoration, tiles and brickworks of Alamut Castle through historical data Hamideh Choubak (ICCAR, RICHT, MCTH)

• A Research on the Islamic Ceramics of the Sultâniyya plain, Iran Mahsa Feizi (PhD Tehran University/Lyon 2)

Discussion.

Chairperson: Yves Porter (Aix Marseille Univ/IUF/LA3M)

Pour suivre cette séance online (sur Skyroom), inscrivez-vous avant le 21 février sur le lien suivant :https://webquest.fr/…

Contact: sandra.aube@cnrs.fr

New publication: Riches Beyond the Horizon Long-distance Trade in Early Medieval Landscapes (ca. 6th-12th centuries)

Riches Beyond the Horizon
Long-distance Trade in Early Medieval Landscapes (ca. 6th-12th centuries)

H. Nol (ed.)

320 p., 106 colour ill., 16 b/w tables, 178 x 254 mm, 2021
ISBN: 978-2-503-59981-6
Languages: English

The book offers innovative perspectives, exciting historical insights and often astonishing archaeological data on long distance trade and the mobility of goods during Early Medieval times in the Indian Ocean area, the Mediterranean, East Africa, the Near East and northern Europe.

This book offers new and innovative perspectives on long-distance trade between Europe, the Mediterranean area, the Middle East, Africa, India and China during the Early Medieval period. The archaeological data and historical insights presented in this volume are without exception of great interest, often exciting, and more than once astonishing. The goods which travelled between the continents in the timespan under discussion (ca. 6th to 12th centuries) include pottery in all shapes and forms, textiles, coins, metal, lava millstones, glass, marble columns, rock-crystal beads, and also plants used for incense. 

The scope of the contributions includes the wide-ranging economic contacts of a Viking community, the changing patterns of long-distance trade in the Byzantine Empire, the spread of Chinese pottery to Africa, the Near East and Europe, the information on maritime routes provided by shipwrecks in the Java Sea, the reconstruction of an incense trade network, and the production and distribution of textiles as well as stone objects in the Middle East and beyond.

The varied approaches in this volume underline that the movement of objects in Early Medieval times over vast distances not only reflect mechanisms of exchange, but also imply social networks and the transfer of ideas. Thus, Riches Beyond the Horizon sheds compelling light on a world which was much more complex and much more interconnected than has often been assumed.Hagit Nol was awarded with a PhD by Universität Hamburg and holds a postdoctoral fellowship at the Université libre de Bruxelles. She combines archaeology with a critical reading of textual sources. Table of Contents

Joanita Vroom, Preface

Hagit Nol, Long distance trade in the Early Medieval period: A general introduction

Natalie Kontny, Arabo-Islamic geographies:Indian Ocean trade in Ibn KhurradKit (fl. 884 CE)

Sterenn Le Maguer-Gillon, Elusive remains: Identifying incense trade routes in western Asia from biodegradable commodities (ca. 7th-13th centuries)

Dashu Qin & Justin Ching Ho, Chinese ceramics exported to Africa during the 9th-10th centuries

Guangcan Xin, Maritime trade in Southeast Asia from the 9th-10th centuries: A study of the Belitung and Cirebon Shipwrecks

Joanita Vroom, From Xian to Birka and back: Constantinople as a nodal point in long-distance contacts during the early Middle Ages (ca. 6th-12th centuries)

Hagit Nol, Rolling stones: Distribution patterns of marble, basalt and beach rock from Early Medieval Israel (ca. 7th-11th centuries)

Orit Shamir & Alisa Baginski, Early medieval textiles from excavations in Israel (9th-13th centuries) trade and Transfer

Ralf Wiechmann, Advancing into unknown lands: The numismatic material of Gros Stromkendorf near Wismar during the Early Viking age (ca. 8th-9th centuries)

Source: http://www.brepols.net/pages/ShowProduct.aspx?prod_id=IS-9782503599816-1